RÓMER FLÓRIS MUSEUM OF ART AND HISTORY
In 1857, the Benedictine monk-scholar Flóris Rómer (1815-1889), the founder our museum, having realised that the ⹂antiquities" of the natural science collection of the Benedictine Grammar School could also be excellently utilised in the education, published an article in the local paper on his idea of establishing a museum. He believed that ⹂the nation would be in even more urgent need" of cultivating its historical values than ever, so he called for a collection of antiquities. His efforts proved successful: on 6th May 1859 an order of the Imperial-Royal Central Committee supervising the research and conservation of the architectonic heritage of the country provided for the establishment of a museum in Győr.
His worthy successors enlarged the collection considerably and named the museum after Rómer. In the 1920s there were plans to unify the Benedictine and the city collections, but the Benedictine Order and the local authority failed to make an agreement, so the local authority decided to establish a City Museum on the first floor of the city Cultural Centre in 1939. After the Second World War the discussions with the Benedictine Arch-Abbacy were reopened, but they were put an end by the nationalisation of the Benedictine collection. The material of the two museums was placed to the so called ⹂Abbey's House" i.e. the one-time palace of the Benedictine Arch-Abbey of Pannonhalma, which was located on the main square of the city. The unified collection was named after János Xántus (1825-1894), a scientist, traveller and anthropologist, who had lived in the city. Between 1963 and 2012 the museum was the centre of the Directorate of the Győr-Moson-Sopron County museums. In 1998 the museum was enlarged with another new building and permanent collection: the Fireplace History Museum in the Fruhmann House.
In the meantime the city of Győr established its own representative museum: the Local Art Museum, which was partly composed of collections formerly belonging to the Xántus János Museum (Miklós Borsos Permanent Exhibition, Margit Kovács Permanent Exhibition) and partly – owing to the city funds – of newly incorporated buildings and exhibition areas i.e. the Radnai Collection in the Esterházy Palace, the Péter Váczi Collection in the Magyar Ispita building and the Vasilescu Collection in the Synagogue.
On the 1st of February 2013 the two museums were united into the Rómer Flóris Museum of Art and History of county authority with 11 exhibition areas. In its Declaration of Mission our museum put a great emphasis on the focus to the visitors and visitor education, the mediation of values, the preservation and presentation of the local culture. Our programs and the number of visitors confirm our efforts, which is reflected in our slogan: ⹂open, colourful, animated".