Móra Ferenc Museum

The building of the Móra Ferenc Museum
The building of the Móra Ferenc Museum
The building of the Móra Ferenc Museum

The Móra Ferenc Museum lies at the heart of Szeged, at the intersection of the Tisza-riverbank and the Downtown Bridge, its reputable building is an important part of the cityscape. The institution is an outstanding cultural Centre of the region. In addition to its permanent and constantly renewing seasonal exhibitions, significant research is being conducted within the walls of the cultural palace in the fields of Archeology, Ethnography, Historical and Natural science and Numismatics.

The Museum and the Somogyi Library share the same origin: The predecessor of the two institutions was founded in 1883 and the neoclassical building was opened in in 1896- this building has since been home to the Móra Ferenc Museum, it is a significant architectural masterpiece of the town of Szeged. The Library and the Museum got separated in 1950, followed by its renaming in the honor of its former Director, Móra Ferenc.

One could find great archeologists, historians and scientists among the Directors of the Museum: Reizner János, Törmörkény István and Móra Ferenc, for instance.

The Móra Ferenc Museum offers valuable, permanent exhibitions to its visitors all year long.

The Móra Ferenc Memorial Room represents the former Director not just as one of the more outstanding figures of national literature, but as an archeologist, researcher, and an individual as well. In addition to his personal items and furniture, visitors can see manuscripts and special photos in the exhibition room upstairs.

The exhibition of natural sciences, titled "We only have one Earth" presents us with Earth's history from its very beginning to the modern age: Visitors have a chance to travel millions of years into the past with the help of exciting installations, several millions of years old fossils, an authentic skull of a prehistoric bison, a mammoth tooth and a 3D animation of a cave bear.

The exhibition's aim is to illustrate the habitats of today with a lifelike presentation of typical Hungarian and South-American animals and their environment.

The permanent, ethnological exhibition, titled "The Famous Town of Szeged" was renewed in 2010. Its featured topics are: Tisza-related activities, farming on sandy soil, the famous crafts – the craft of making slippers and knives -, bulrush weaving, the peculiarities of folk architecture and the Indulgence held in the lower city, which attracts many people. In addition, the exhibition depicts the process of paprika/pepper cultivation with the help of archive photos, old instruments and tools. The folk life of the Szeged-area is made even more interesting witht the help of interactive, audiovisual equipments, in addition to the photo and audio material on various screens. A variety of puzzles, touchable artwork replicas and a wearable szűr (a special type of jacket like outerwear, usually worn by shepherds, swineherds or farmhands) awaits little children in the Móra Ferenc Múzeum.

The Móra Ferenc Museum, in addition to its permanents exhibitions, offers constantly renewing temporary exhibitions as well. The creations of Vasarely, Munkácsy and Csontváry have already been shown between these walls, and in 2014, the exhibition featuring Egypt's masterpieces became the most successful seasonal exhibition of all time. The Pompeii exhibition in 2016 and the dinosaur exhibition in 2018 were great successes as well.

The Móra Ferenc Museum has several other exhibition halls in Szeged: The Kass Galery, the Fekete ház Gallery and Exhibition Hall, the Castle Museum and Stone Collection and the Varga Mátyás Theatre History Exhibition Hall are all open to visitors.